Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Westmoreland ObGyn Associates -  - Obstetrics

Westmoreland ObGyn Associates

Obstetrics & Gynecology located in Lake Bluff, IL & Grayslake, IL

PCOS is a group of symptoms that are caused by an imbalance in hormones, primarily excessive levels of androgens, such as testosterone. Women normally produce a small amount of androgens, but when hormone levels get too high, they interfere with normal follicle development in your ovaries. As a result, your ovaries stop releasing eggs and, in some cases, ovarian cysts develop.

Polyscystic Ovary Syndrome Q & A

What symptoms develop due to polycystic ovary syndrome?

If you have PCOS, you’ll develop at least two of the following symptoms:

Irregular menstrual periods

You may stop having periods or your periods may become irregular and unpredictable. You may also develop heavier bleeding.

Ovarian cysts

Despite its name, you may or may not develop multiple ovarian cysts. If cysts develop, you may experience a dull ache or pelvic pain.

Signs of excessive androgens

About 70% of women with PCOS develop hirsutism, which is excessive hair growth on their face, chest, upper thighs, or abdomen. High levels of androgens may also cause acne.

What health risks develop due to polycystic ovary syndrome?

The hormonal imbalances associated with PCOS can affect many parts of your body, increasing your risk for ongoing health problems, such as:

Infertility

When you have PCOS, your ovaries may stop releasing eggs or you may ovulate randomly, which causes infertility.

Type 2 diabetes

PCOS is associated with high levels of insulin and insulin resistance, which increases your risk for Type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome includes a group of conditions, such as high blood sugar, hypertension, high cholesterol, and excess fat around your waist. Having just one of these conditions increases your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, but the more you have, the higher your chances.

How is polycystic ovary syndrome treated?

The team at Westmoreland Obstetrics and Gynecologic Associates take a whole-person approach when treating PCOS. They develop treatment plans that combine various lifestyle and medical options, depending on what each patient’s individual needs. PCOS causes diverse problems and each one requires different treatment and customized care.

If you have irregular periods or notice excessive hair growth, call Westmoreland Obstetrics and Gynecologic Associates or schedule an appointment online for a complete evaluation.